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Sholom Aleichem: Laughter Through Tears
Theodore Bikel is an actor and folksinger who was born in Vienna but began his career in Palestine where his parents immigrated after the Nazis occupied Austria. Although he originated the role of Baron von Trapp in The Sound of Music on Broadway and has been featured in films from The African Queen to The Russians Are Coming, Bikel is perhaps bst known as Tevye, a role he has played over 2,000 times since 1967. What better combination for Sholom Aleichem: Laughter Through Tears, a play with music celebrating the great Yiddish writer?
Bikel, who also wrote this show, walks onto the stage dressed like a Russian peasant. He plays himself, Sholom Aleichem, various characters in the writer's youth back in Russia and the characters he created. He sings the sweet, ironic, sentimental Yiddish folksongs that may soon fade from a distant memory to the forgotten. And he does so with love and tenderness.
Although Sholom Aleichem lived at a time when the destiny of Jews was most precarious (a time, however, when no one could predict the horrors of the Holocaust), his personal and fictional stories are filled with hope and humor. In fact, during his life he was known as the Yiddish Mark Twain. (Mark Twain, however, referred to himself as the American Sholom Aleichem.)
Sholom Aleichem: Laughter Through Tears traces Aleichem's inspiration back to his step grandmother. The play follows his career in Europe as well as the United States, where he is amazed at how Jews have lost their values and become consumed by consumerism, valuing money and material goods over religion and learning. A high spot is when Bikel reprises his role of Tevye, only this time in the original Sholom Aleichem version. Thankfully, he sings no songs from Fiddler on the Roof.
Bikel, who is 85, is still vigorous and magnetic. His voice is warm, rich and powerful. He sings (in both Yiddish and English) classic Yiddish songs such as "Ver Vet Blaybn" (Who Will Remain)," Di Mezinke" (Our Youngest is Married) and the wonderful lullaby "Oyfn Pripetshik", whose comforting melody has soothed many a Jewish child to sleep — all with great feeling and familiarity.
Visiting the Lower East Side today, it's hard to remember that once this section of New York City was a thriving center of Yiddish theater and culture. As Bikel says, "Shakespeare was done in Yiddish on Second Avenue before it was done uptown in English." And of all the writers whose work was staged on Second Avenue (the Broadway of the Lower East Side) none was more beloved than Sholom Aleichem.
Many people believe Yiddish theater is dead today, but as Stefan Kanfer points out in Stardust Lost: The Triumph, Tragedy, and Meshugas of the Yiddish Theater in America, "Among the Yiddish theater's graduates and associates were actors Paul Muni, John Garfield, Zero Mostel, Walter Matthau, the acting teachers Lee Strasberg and Sanford Meisner, the playwrights Clifford Odets and Ben Hecht, the directors Harold Clurman and Sidney Lumet, and the stage designer Boris Aronson. The Yiddish theater was their university, and when they left the ghetto and went out into the world, they altered whatever they touched." As Sholom Aleichem says, "Does anybody worry about legacy? People under 60 usually don't." Yet, as Kanfer concludes, since the heyday of Yiddish theater, "neither Broadway nor Hollywood has been the same. . ."
Sholom Aleichem: Laughter Through Tears was created in loving memory.